Ch. 3: Gold of India

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GOLD.
they were actually washing were within the area occupied by rocks of Talchir (Permio-triassic) age; but whether the gold was proximately derived from them, or had been brought down by the river, as is ., possible, from the metamorphic rocks a short distance higher up, I am unable to say.
There is, of course, no prima facie improbability in the Talchir rocks containing gold. On the contrary, the boulder-bed, including as it does such a large proportion of materials directly derived from the metamorphic rocks, might naturally be expected to contain gold. In this connection it may be men­tioned that in Australia, a conglomerate bed of car­boniferous age has been found to be auriferous,* and the same has been recorded in Nova Scotia, j
As to the methods employed by, and the earnings of, the gold-washers, the remarks about to be made on the gold of Singbhum apply equally to Sambalpur, and need not be anticipated here.
It may be added that to the north-west of Sam­balpur there are a number of parallel quartzite ridges which, in places, have much the appearance of veins; they are, I think, worthy the attention of the pro­spector for gold.
Fine quartz reefs also occur in many parts of the district.
Orissa.—In the province of Orissa gold is reported to occur in the sands of the river Brahmani, in the Pal Lahara, where it is said to be worked to a con­siderable extent.^
* Vide "Geol. Mag.,-' 1S77, P- ^S6.
+ "Jour. Geol. Soc," vol. xxxvi. p. 313.
J "Mem. Geol. Survey of India," vol. i. p. 88.
Ch. 3: Gold of India Page of 143 Ch. 3: Gold of India
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