east of the town, one, the more distant, the Bagh-i-bulandi,1 the other and nearer, the Bagh-i-dilkusha.'- From Dilkusha to the Turquoise Gate, he planted an Avenue of White Poplar,3 and in the garden itself erected a great kiosque, painted inside with pictures of his battles in Hindustan. He made another garden, known as the Naqsh-i-jahan (World's Picture), on the skirt of Kohik, above the Qara-su or, as people also call it, the Ab-i-rahmat (Water-of-mercy) of Kan-i-gil.4 It had gone to ruin when I saw it, nothing remaining of it except its name. His also are the Bagh-i-chanar,5 near the walls and below the (own on the south,6 also the Bagh-i-shamal (North Garden) and the Bagh-i-bihisht (Garden of Paradise). His own tomb and those of his descendants who have ruled in Samarkand, are in a College, built at the exit [chclqdr) of the walled-town, by Muhammad Sultan Mlrza, the son of Timur Beg's son, Jahangir Mlrza.7
Amongst Aiilugh Beg Mirza's buildings inside the town are a College and a monastery (Klianqah). The dome of the monastery is very large, few so large are shown in the world. Near these two buildings, he constructed an excellent Hot Bath [hammam) known as the Mirza's Bath; he had the pavements in this made of all sorts of stone (? mosaic) ; such
. l or, bttland, Garden of the Height or High Garden. The Turkl texts have what can be read as bitldi but the Z.N. both when describing it (ii, 194) and elsewhere [e.g. ii, 596) writes Inland. Bulcll may be a clerical error for bulandi, the height, a name agreeing with the position of the garden.
2 In the Heart-expanding Garden, the Spanish Ambassadors had their first interview with Timur. See Clavijo (Markham p. 130). Also the Z.N. ii, 6 for an account of its construction.
3 Judging from the location of the gardens and of Babur's camps, this appears to be the Avenue mentioned on f. 396 and f. 40.
* See infra f. 48 and note.
6 The Plane-tree Garden. This seems to be Clavijo's Bayginar, laid out shortly before he saw it (Markham p. 136).
6 The citadel of Samarkand stands high ; from it the ground slopes west and south ; on these sides therefore gardens outside the walls would lie markedly below the outer-fort (tash-qurghiin). Here as elsewhere the second W.-i-B. reads stone for outer [Cf. index s.n. tash). For the making of the North garden see Z.N. i, 799.
7 Timfir's eldest son, d. 805 ah. (1402 ad.), before his father, therefore. Babur's wording suggests that in his day, the Gur-i-amlr was known as the r>fadrasa. See as to the buildings J5.N. i, 713 and ii, 492, 595, 597, 705 ;. Clavijo (Markham p. 164 and p. 166) ; and Les Mosquies de Samarcande.