1 Hindustan would make a better climax here than Samarkand does.
2 These appear to be pictures or ornamentations of carved wood. Redhouse describes isllml as a special kind of ornamentation in curved lines, similar to Chinese methods.
3 i.e. the Black Stone (ka'ba) at Makkah to which Musalmans turn in prayer.
* As ancient observatories were themselves the instruments of astronomical observation, Babur's wording is correct. Auliigh Beg's great quadrant was 180 ft. high ; Abu-muhammad Khujandl's sextant had a radius of 58 ft. Ja'I Singh made similar great instruments in Ja'ipur, Dihli has others. Cf. Greaves Misc. Works i, 50 ; Mems. p. 51 note ; A iyln-i-akbari (Jarrett) ii, 5 and note ; Murray's Hand-book to Bengal p. 331 ; Indian Gazetteer xiii, 400.
6 b. 597 ah. d. 672 ah. (1201-1274 ad.). See D'Herbelot's art. Nasir-i^lin p. 662 ; AbQ'1-fida (Reinaud, Introduction i, exxxviii) and Beale's Biographical Diet. s.n.
8 a grandson of Chingiz Khan, d. 663 ah. (1265 AD-)- The cognomen Ail-hhanl (Il-khanl) may mean Khan of the Tribe.
7 Ilarunu'r-rashid's second son ; d. 218 ah. (833 ad.).
8 Mr. Erskine notes that this remark would seem to fix the date at which Babur wrote it as 934 ah. (1527 ad.), that being the 1584th. year of the era of Vikramaditya, and therefore at three years before Babur's death. (The Vikramaditya era begun 57 bc.)