Ghurjistan. Babur was angered by his non-arrival and pursued him in order to punish him but did not succeed in reaching Ghurjistan and went back to Kabul by way of Firuz-koh and Ghur. The Mlrza was captured eventually and sent to Kabul. Babur treated him with kindness, after a few months gave him his daughter Ma'suma in marriage, and sent him to Balkh. He appears to have been still in Balkh when Khwand-amir was writing of the above occurrences in 929 AH. The marriage took place either at the end of 923 or beginning of 924 ah. The Mlrza was then 21, Ma'suma 9 ; she almost certainly did not then go to Balkh. At some time in 923 ah. Babur is said by Khwandamlr to have visited that town.1
b. Attempt on Qandaliar.
In this year Babur marched for Qandahar but the move ended peacefully, because a way was opened for gifts and terms by an illness which befell him when he was near the town.
The Tarikh-i-sind gives what purports to be Shah Beg's explanation of Babur's repeated attempts on Qandahar. He said these had been made and would be made because Babur had not forgiven Muqlm for taking Kabul 14 years earlier-from the Tlmurid 'Abdu'r-razzaq ; that this had brought him to Qandahar in 913 AH., this had made him then take away Mahchuchak, Muqlm's daughter ; that there were now (923 AH.) many, unemployed Mlrzas in Kabul for whom posts could not be found in regions where the Persians and Aiizbegs were dominant; that an outlet for their ambitions and for Babur's own would be sought against the weaker opponent he himself was.
Babur's decision to attack in this year is said to have been taken while Shah Beg was still a prisoner of Shah Isma'll in the Harat country ; he must have been released meantime by the admirable patience of his slave Sambhal.
924 AH. JAN. 13th 1518 to JAN. 3rd 1519 AD. In this year Shah Beg's son Shah Hasan came to Babur after quarrel with his father. He stayed some two years, and during
1 In 925 ah. (ff. 227 and 238) mention is made of courtesies exchanged between Babur and Muhammad-i-zaman in Balkh. The Mirza was with Babur later on in Hindustan.