are in the Rampur Diwan ; nor are several of those early ones of the Babur-nama. So that the Diwan sent to Pulad Sultan rnay be the source from which the Abiis/tqa drew its examples.
On first examining these verses, doubt arose as to whether they were really by Babur Miranshahi; or whether they were by " Babur Mlrza " Shdhrukhi. Fortunately my husband lighted on one of them quoted in the Sahglakh and there attributed to Babur Padshah. The Abushqa quatrains are used as examples in de Courteille's Dictionary, but without an author's name ; they can be traced there through my husband's articles.1
929 AH. NOV. 20th 1522 to NOV. 10th 1523 AD. a. Affairs of Hindustan.
The centre of interest in Babur's affairs now moves from Qandahar to a Hindustan torn by faction, of which faction one result was an appeal made at this time to Babur by Daulat Khan Ludi ( Yusuf-khaif) and 'Alau'd-din 'Alam Khan Ludi for help against Ibrahim.2
The following details are taken mostly from Ahmad Yadgar's Tarikh-i-saldtin-i-afdghana^: Daulat Khan had been summoned to Ibrahim's presence; he had been afraid to go and had sent his son Dilawar in his place ; his disobedience angering Ibrahim, Dilawar had a bad reception and was shewn a ghastly exhibit of disobedient commanders. Fearing a like fate for himself, he made escape and hastened to report matters to his father in Lahor. His information strengthening Daulat Khan's previous apprehensions, decided the latter to proffer allegiance to Babur and to ask his help against Ibrahim. Apparently 'Alam Khan's interests were a part of this request. Accordingly Dilawar (or Apaq) Khan went to Kabul, charged with his father's message, and with intent to make known to Babur Ibrahim's
1 JRAS. 1901, Persian MSS. in Indian Libraries (description of the Rampur ■Diwan); AQR: 1911, Babur's Diwan (i.e. the Rampur Diw&n) ; and Some verses of the Emperor Babur (the Abushqa quotations).
For Dr. E. D. Ross' Reproduction and account of the Rampur Diwan, ] A,SB. 1910.
2 " After him (Ibrahim) was Babur King of Dihli, who owed his place to the Pathans," writes the Afghan poet Khush-hal Khattak (Afghan Poets of the XVII century, C. E. Biddulph, p. 58).
3 The translation only has been available (E. & D.'s H. of I., vol. I).