HE history of some
of the world's celebrated diamonds is founded entirely upon tradition.
Eliminate the records in which authorities differ, and the stories
which are alike attached by one writer to one stone, and by another to
some other stone, and there is little left. Some stones mentioned in
old writings have passed out of knowledge: others known to-day cannot
be traced back very far with certainty: a point is soon reached where
the contradictory accounts given, or the similitude of the story to
that attached to another, awaken suspicion. Historians usually insist
that the great diamonds of the past served in the beginning of their
history as eyes for an idol from which they were plucked by some knave
or looter, and started on similar courses of adventures until they
arrived at the hands of definite knowledge.
most ancient and celebrated Indian diamond is known as the Great Mogul.
The stone, so named after the Mogul dynasty in India, is said to have
been found in the mines of Kollur of India, sometimes spoken of by the
Persian name Gani Coulour or Colore, or Gan-i-mine of, Coulour, between
1630 and 1650, and presented to Shah Jehan by Emir Jemla (called "
Mirgi-mola" by Tavernier), about 1655. Another tradition is that a
diamond of 320 ratis or 280 carats, was owned