Carbon is one of the most interesting of all the ninety-two
elements, because of the many forms in which the pure element is found
and the infinite number of compounds of which it is a component part.
One of the most interesting forms of carbon is the diamond, not only
because of its high value but also because of the amount of work which
has been done to obtain it by means of synthesis. A great deal of work still remains to be done before synthetic diamonds can be produced on a commercial basis.
after Lavoisier demonstrated in his remarkable work that diamond was
crystalline carbon, attempts at its artificial preparation were made.
Many attempts have been made to manufacture synthetic diamonds, that
is, to enhance the commercial value of carbon by transforming it from
its ordinary opaque black condition to limpid crystals of diamond. The
attempts made in this direction have been numerous, but little has been
done in a methodical and systematic manner. If we except some important
works on the subject, we see from the historical side of the question,
how much contradictory or doubtful matter has been published. However,
while the number of experiments has been