DISTRIBUTION OF GOLD MIXES IN XOETH CAKOLIXA. 57
bodies consist of certain belts of the country, impregnated with pyrite and quartz in lenticular stringers. The ore is mined in large open cuts, 20 to 100 feet wide and 50 feet deep. The average ore is stated to run from $2.50 to $3 per ton in free gold. In 1894 the ores were being treated in five Crawford mills by the Columbia Mining Company, but the operations did not apparently prove successful. In 1S95 the Cabin Creek Mining Company built a 10-stamp mill, with bumping-tables for the concentration of the sulphurets, for the treatment of which it has been proposed to introduce the cyanide process.
The Clegg, Cagle, Bat Roost, Shields, and Brown mines are situated from i to 3 miles west and north of the Burns. The character of the country-rock and of the ore-bodies at these is similar to that of the Burns.
MIXES IX AXSOX COUXTY.
A small patch of crystalline rocks, lying on the south side of the Jura-trias sandstone, is gold-bearing. Two mines, the Hamilton (Bailey) and the Jesse Cox, are situated about 2 miles southwest of Wadesboro. They are not working at present.
.MIXES IX EOWAX COUXTY.
The mines are located in the southeastern portion of the county in three general groups:
1. In a line extending from 2 to 9 miles southwest of Salisbury, and 1 to 3 miles east of the Southern Railroad, including the ITartman, Yadkin, Xegus, Harrison, Hill, Southern Belle, Goodman, Randleman, and Roseman mines. Xot enough is known of these to admit of an intelligent description.
2. Two to seven miles east and southeast of Salisbury, in the Dunns 311. granite area, including the Dunns 3lt., 2vew Discovery, Bullion, and Reimer mines. Of these, the Reimer is fully described on page 117, and will serve as a type for the others.
3. Xine to ten miles southeast of Salisbury in the metamorphic schists, including the Gold Hill, Dutch Creek, Gold Knob, Holtshauser, Atlas^ and Bame mines.
The Gold Hill district was at one time one of the most important mining centers in Xorth Carolina, if not in the whole South; although at present no work of consequence is being carried on there. It is situated about 14 miles southeast of Salisbury, in the southeast corner of Rowan, county, extending into Cabarrus county on the south and Stanly county on the east. The country-rocks are chloritic and argillaceous schists, striking X. 25° to 30° E. and dipping 75° to 85° X.\V. A dia!>a-e dike cuts the schists near the village of Gold Hill. The char-