DISTRIBUTION OF GOLD MINES IN NORTH CAROLINA. 63
Crowell, Long, Moore, Stewart, Smart, Hemby, Lewis, Phifer, Davis,. Bonnie Belle, and Howie mines.
The Long, Moore, Stewart and Smart are characterized by the presence of complex sulphurets (pyrite, galena, blende and sometimes chalcopyrite). At the Moore mine the gold is associated with calcite, which exists in a pay-streak 4 inches thick on the hanging wTall of a 5-foot: quartz-vein.
The Bonnie Belle (Washington) mine is situated 8 miles west of Monroe. The country is argillaceous schist silicified in varying degrees, striking X. 55° E. and dipping steeply 1ST.W. The ore-deposit consists of pyrite and quartz impregnations in the schists. The width of the ore-bearing belt is stated to be 14 feet. It is intersected by a. diabase dike. The mine was in operation during the fall of 1894. Ores assaying from $4 to $5 per ton wrere treated in a Chilean mill and four drag-mills, of 10 tons capacity per 24 hours; the pulp was discharged on amalgamated copper plates and thence to a Gilpin county bumping-table. The concentrates assayed $22, and the tailings 50; cents per ton.
The Howie mine is 1 mile southwest of the Bonnie Belle. The orebearing slates are said to have a total width of 400 feet, within which there are as many as 8 so-called parallel veins, varying from 18 inches to 16 feet in thickness. Sulphurets are rare, the gold occurring mainly as fine films on the cleavage planes of the more or less silicified slates. It is stated that the ore, when last mined, yielded $13 to $14 in the mill. The mine has been opened to a depth of 350 feet. Numerous diabase dikes intersect the ore-bodies, which are said to be richer in the vicinity of the dikes.
The Monroe slates in the vicinity of Monroe contain some narrow auriferous quartz-veins, but they are scarcely of economical importance,, at least so far as present explorations have gone.
JUNES IN MECKLENBURG COUNTV.
This has been one of the most important and active gold-mining counties of the State.
The mines are distributed over the entire county, around Charlotte as a center. Among the more important are the Davidson Hill (1 mile west of Charlotte), St. Catherine, Eudisil, Clark (2-J miles west of Charlotte), Stephen AVilson (9 miles west of Charlotte), Smith and Palmer, Howell, Parks (1 mile northeast of Charlotte), Taylor and Trotter (3 miles southwest of Charlotte), Brawley (4 miles west of Charlotte), Arlington (6 miles west of Charlotte), Capps, McGinn, Alexander (8 miles northwest of Charlotte), Dunn (7 miles northwest of Charlotte),