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B.2 Ch. 16: Other Diamond Mines, Method of Searching for Diamonds

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56               THE KOLLUR DIAMOND MINE book II
Journey of the Author to the other Mines, and concerning the method of searching for Diamonds.
Seven days' journey east of Golkonda there is another diamond mine, called Gani in the language of the country, and Coulour in the Persian tongue.1
It is close to a large town on the same river which I crossed
1 This mine has been identified in the Economic Geology of India, by the routes in vol. i. 140 and vol. ii. 73 with Koliur on the Kistna, where, according to a MS. map by Col. Mackenzie, there was a mine in 1798. The word Gani is equivalent to the Persian Kan-i, signifying ' mine of '. It is found in use by writers of the present century in connexion with another mine, namely Gani-Partial. It is the title for this mine most commonly used in works on mineralogy and precious stones, sometimes considerably modified in spelling, as Garee, &c. But it cannot be correctly used as the name of the mine where the Great Mogul or any other diamond was found. The date assigned to the discovery of this mine by Tavernier, namely about the middle of the sixteenth century, is of no value any more than the period assigned for the discovery of the Bammalakota mine. One hundred years, the native estimate, means a long time, that is all. Somewhere about the year 1622, William Methold, together with Andreas Socory and Adolf Thomason, visited from Masulipatam certain diamond mines, which the first-named describes as being situated ' at the foot of a great mountayne, not far from a river called Christena', the mining town being 2 miles off, and distant 108 English miles, or 12 Gentine leagues (gows, or gos ?) from Masulipatam. In all respects, save as regards the distance, the descrip­tion of the mines and the methods of working correspond with Tavernier's account of Coulour or Gani, i. e. Koliur. The distance given by Tavernier is 36 coss, or 72 miles from Masulipatam—the true distance is about 100 miles. In the Histoire generate des Voyages, vol. xiii, p. 20, Methold is misquoted as though he said the mines were but 2 leagues from Golkonda, whereas he says 2 miles from the temporary town, containing 100,000 persons, which had grown up in connexion with the mines. He says that they were closed for a time, in consequence of a demand made by the Mogul for a vyse (i. e. 3 lb. English, Tamil Visai) of the finest diamonds. The farmer paid the King 300,000 pagodas, say £120,000, per annum for the mine, the King retaining all stones above 10 carats. This sum is possibly an exaggeration—vide Purchas His Pilgrimage, 1626, vol. v. 1002. There is, as already stated, an account of the diamond mines of Golkonda and Bijapur in the Phil. Trans., vol. xii, No. 136, 1677. Ruins of houses, &c, and old mines are still to be seen at Koliur. (See Kistna Manual, pp. 170, 244.)
B.2 Ch. 15: Diamonds, Mines & Rivets Where They Are Found Page of 417 B.2 Ch. 16: Other Diamond Mines, Method of Searching for Diamonds
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