blood is expelled. Jewellers assign the job of scouring pearls and allied
responsibilities quite often to their pupils as we have already stated in
connection with the perforation of pearls. Labid says:
Water scours their dams in the manner of the pupils polishing new
Removal of Blemishes and Defects from Pearls
Animals are more easily subject to decomposition than plants and
the latter are more inclined to this process than the minerals. This decomposition process occurs in proportion to humidity and miasma when
the heat is unable to push the miasmal matter to the excretory organs
which Nature has made for protection and expulsion. The pearl is also a
part of the animal kingdom and is like the bone of man. As time passes,
man's colour and complexion change, blood gradually drains off, and the
body becomes subject to decomposition. Then old age is something that
is irrevocable, and one cannot expect youth to return. The colour cannot be changed. The whiteness of the hair can be masked by the dye
which is in reality gilding but the inexorable process of the change cannot be held back.
Sometimes this corruption is due to extraneous factors, e.g., dirt,
sweat, vapours, oils, fragrances, etc. The best way to overcome this corruption is to cleanse the upper portion of the body through the administration of medicines.
It is said that if a particular pearl is hotter than other pearls, it might
be construed to mean that it has a worm in it. Occasionally the worm
becomes the causal factor for defects from the very beginning. The
appearance of germs in the hair, flesh, and bones, infection, and the
processes of being eaten away are nothing new or a matter for surprise.
Ayas bin Mu'awiyah 81 guessed the presence of a snake underneath a
brick in the floor of his house, as this brick happened to be hotter than
the rest without any extraneous reason.
Sometimes, a pearl is subject to defects within the shell. This is due
to the defects inherent in its place of birth. For example, the Qtthurni
pearl, if it gets mixed up with sand becomes petrified with it. Occasionally putrid water is left in the pearl, in which case the pearl is drilled, the
water is drained off, and the space vacated by the water is filled with
gum mastic. The 'Ummarii pearls are good because they have a good
habitat, enjoy pure air, and the water is deep.
All this information that has reached us is like the many claims made
by the alchemists. There is no proof forthcoming in their support except
that they have got to be verified through experiment. We have not had
the time to perform experiments upon these things nor have we trusted
these people. They generally distort the original information and tend to