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of a pigeon's egg in my gizzard." When the hunter heard this, he was
overcome by greed and he began to think of cornering it. He tried to
tempt the bird by offering it skinned sesame and cool water. The bird,
however, said: "Thou wast neither able to sacrifice and eat me nor benefit from the things I told thee. Thou grievest at the fact of having lost
me. Thou wishest to catch me which is now impossible. I am as big as
the pigeon's egg. How can a thing equal to my own size be present in
me?" Then she bade the hunter adieu and flew away.
Zarnarrud and zabarjad are two names of the same thing. There is
no difference between the two in so far as their excellence and rarity are
concerned. Zabarjad began to be applied to the excellent and rare kind
and to both kinds also, whereas the word, zarnarrud, became confined to
the inferior kind.
Zarnarrud is also written as zamarrudh and zarnarrad. Its pieces are
called the qasbat (pipes), as they are longish and perforations are made
into them for the purpose of threading. It is thus like a hollow reed or
a marrowless bone or the intestines.
'Ajjaj says about the intestines:
The pipes of the abdomen in the centre of the stomach.
The poet has implied the intestines which are within the stomach. About
the windpipe, the poet says:
He is cypress-statured, with a slender body, whose throat is
a stuffed reed.
According to the Razi brothers, best variety of emerald is the
zulmani. It is deep green. This is followed by the rayhani and silqi
(beet-like) varieties. All other kinds are of little value.
Nasr writes:
Greenish hue is usual among emeralds. All of its varieties are green.
It comprises four varieties, Akhdar-murr 91 is lustrous like the beet
leaves, its lustre gradually increasing to attain, at first, the colour of
the myrtle and later of the fresh and green barley leaf. The second
variety is less lustrous than the akhdar-murr and is called bahri. Its
lustre is like that of the myrtle leaf. The Chinese and the people of
the coastal areas prefer it to all other varieties. The third kind is very
green but has very little lustre. It is called Maghribi, as the people
of the west like it. The fourth kind is less green than the bahri
kind. It is called asam, (a hard stone) and it is the cheapest kind.
The best emerald has a pure green colour without any trace of
pallor, darkness, dots, grains, signs of abrasion and white veins. Nor
should its ingredients have different hues. It should, besides, have lustre.