dinner set, together with other precious articles, passed on to his
brother, Washamgir. Then it passed on to Bitun. He kept it in the
fortress of Jashik. Later it passed into the possession of the Buway-
1 personally think that this would be the same dinner set about
which I used to hear in Jurjan. Shams al-Ma'ali Qabus bin Washamgir
had a dinner set of gold in the fortress of Jashik before his departure for
Khurasan. It was known as Finizji. He was very fond of this possession.
Since it is quite some time past that I heard about it, I do not recollect
the quantity and other peculiarities of Firuzji.
Nasr has further written:
Amir Radi Nuh bin Mansur had a wine goblet made of turquoise. It
could contain up to three ratls of wine. This cup was given to a
jeweller who had been specifically called from 'Iraq to rub and polish
it. The cup, however, was broken in the process and the jeweller had
to flee in fear of his life.
Abu Bakr Al-Khwarizmi says:
I remembered thee, even though the stars twinkled like pearls scattered on a turquoise floor. They shone under the mantle of clouds
like sparks glittering in the smoke of the 'arfaj plant.
Mansur Qadi states:
Thy slave has brought dinars and dirhams as tributes, and they are of
exalted quality. Could thy slave do what he wished, he would have
brought heaps of them.
He has presented thee a superb turquoise ring for good augury.
See (for thyself) that it portends good. Think not of the smallness of
This stone comprises variegated colours-from pale white to yellow,
red and nearly black. Its mines are in Sindh and around the villages of
Muqri and Na'am in the Yemen. Nasr has described a third mine at Qasr
Qasas better known as Sakhrah. In the Lapidary it has been said that it
is fetched from Rome and the West.
Al-Kindi says that the Indian variety is brought from Barus celebrated for its Barusi javelins. Pills called jalahiq, are made from it.
I am inclined to believe that the name of the city would be Bharuch,
and it is situated in between the place where the river Mehran (Indus)
falls into the sea, and the inland sea of Serandib where the sea-pirates
near the coast have their lairs.
Al-Kindi (further) says that whatever quantity of chalcedony is
picked it is spread over cow's dung and heated in an oven. Fire in a
specified quantity is lighted, and the stone is taken out on cooling.