Ch. 8: Jaza

Ch. 7: Chalcedony Page of 375 Ch. 8: Jaza Text size:minus plus Restore normal size   Mail page  Print this page
Stories About Chalcedony
It is said that the idol, Hubal, which was in the Ka'aba during the
Jahiliyah period was made of chalcedony. Its right hand was broken,
and the Arabs had a gold hand fixed on it. This appears rather surprising
as the people of India do not like idols which show signs of breakage or
markings due to friction or abrasion. In fact, they remove them. How,
then, could the people of Makka offer respects to an idol that had its
right hand lopped off?
Many persons do not like 'aqiq (chalcedony), since a'quq means disobedience. They say that there has been a mistranscription in the
hadith, '1'akhtemn bi al-'aqiq (put the seal of chalcedony). According to
them, what the Holy Prophet had said was 'Takhayemu bi al-'aqiq, i.e.
put your tents in the valley of'Aqiq. It so happens that people do commit orthographical mistakes and make wrong transcriptions. In the
Tradition, the Holy Prophet is said to have directed that the hasa al-jitnar,
that is, the stones with which the pilgrims pelt Satan, should be washed.
An idiotic scholar of Tradition wrote this as Khusa al-liimar, which
means that the testicles of the donkey should be washed. When his pupil
asked him about this, he said: "'Son, this was said in all humility". Probably he had in mind the incident of the Prophet Jesus' having washed the
feet of his disciples.
From Allah is all sustenance and help.
This stone is harder than the stones similar to it. It is because of its
hardness that it is employed as a conduit in water dials. A hole is bored
into the conduit made of it which is fixed into a box, the lower portion
of which is coated with some resinous material. It is selected for this
purpose as the constant flow of water does not widen its perforation for
if the orifice of the water-dial widens, the flow of the water would vary
and time will not be determined.
Having the standard weight which we have fixed in view, its weight is
63-1/8 It is taken out of chalcedony mines in Yaman. Some persons
believe that jaza' and chalcedony are allied in that they are found in
proximity to each other.
It is said that the stone found close to chalcedony in India is jaza'.
It comprises several varieties. The Baqrani kind is the more famous. Its
striations are straight and it comprises sections (arranged) over each
other. The even-ness of the sections, layers and their surfaces attest to
its even-ness.
It has three colours. The surface is red and coral-like with transparent whiteness and a crystalline colour above it. Some grains of the


Ch. 7: Chalcedony Page of 375 Ch. 8: Jaza
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