1857.] Science and the Bible. 505
with the help of the "honest, open face"), or with science (that is,
reason with the aid of the out-speaking depths and all truth in
nature). We now come to the special claim of the author, that it is
based on the Bible.
Where is the Bible foundation ? Mainly here. The word " created;" the phrases, " Let the waters bring- forth," " Let the earth bring forth;" the succession of evenings and morn-ings, in the account of creation ; and the recapitulatory statement, that" God made every tree before it ivas in the earth" (Gen. 2: 2).
theory is, that nature was six times revived and set to work, by the
putting in of " immaterial entities," and six times left to herself to
go towards decay. It is not merely that God acted at the commencement
of six periods, and then rested; but that, in these intervals, there
was a great decline in nature's forces, in consequence of the
withdrawal of God's hand.
this a fair interpretation of the words of Genesis ? or is it not
evidence that, while the author has avoided science, he has gone to a
less truthful source for his philosophy ?
Create. The meaning of the word create, has
no necessary bearing on the question with regard to nature (except as
respects the beginning, to which we allude beyond); for, the
signification of evolution, framing, or developing, which the " Six
Days" would give, is as well answered by the views we have presented.
Moreover, the derivation of such a word, is little evidence as to its
" Evening- and morning." If
these words, in connection with the first, imply that nature passed
through a period of revival, from an efflatus of " the supernatural,"
followed by a period of rest, on the part of God, and decline in
nature, then it was so on the fourth day, when, according to the
author of the " Six Days," the creation of the sun and stars was
simply a becoming visible to the earth. May we recognize, in such
progressive changes, a reviving and a decline ? The Bible speaks of the
creation of vegetation, on the third day. But are we to understand from
what Moses, oux authority here, says about the fourth day with its