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Ch. 2: Manhattan Island

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MANHATTAN ISLAND
57
other was on the eminence north of Wall Street, owned by Jan Vinje, " farmer, brewer, and miller." It is impossible to resist the wish to repeat the genial restoration presented by Valentine: "A curious sight it must have been to see the farmers' wagons laden with grain traversing the shore along the East River, winding up the romantic valley now called Maiden Lane, and depositing their loads at this edifice, then standing in the midst of a clearing of forest trees of mature growth. The snug little stone farm house, with its loophole windows to keep out marauding savages, the low doorway with its bull's-eye windows in the panels, the motley assem­blage of domestic animals, and slaves of all sorts and sizes, which then formed the great part of a domestic establishment, the waving grain of the adjoining field, the newly planted orchard, all formed a picture which can hardly now be ideal­ized in connection with that ancient and long populated part of the city. Another was farther eastward at the ferry, an­other upon the south part of the present park, then a desert spot, covered by stunted bushes and hoop-pole saplings and offering no annoyance of forest trees to the free course of the winds above the underwood."
There was another windmill on the North River shore be­low St. Paul Church to attract Jersey farmers, "those ven­turesome men who had penetrated the wilderness and planted the fertile region of Hackgingsach, and those, too, along the Jersey shore, in sections called by the Indians Ahasimus, Ho-bokenhacking, and Carno cuipa."
The east side of the city, south of Chatham Street, was de­pressed and valley-like, and was originally known as the Vly or Valley, from whence old Fly Market at Front Street and Maiden Lane originated.
The village of Greenwich lay beyond the Lispenard mead­ows, and offered a diversified surface covered with farms, woods, orchards, and nurseries. There was Richmond, Colonel Burr's place, where Charlton Street is now, and then covered with cedar woods. From Greenwich village the peo-
Ch. 2: Manhattan Island Page of 281 Ch. 2: Manhattan Island
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