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TEE LABOUR SUPPLY.
57
CHAPTER VII.
THE QUESTION OF LABOUR.
Necessity that labour should he plentiful and cheap—Abundance offering in the Wynaad—Timidity of the natives—Chinese immigration considered—The system of imported labour— Local cultivators—The Korumbers—Principal sources of supply —Canarese coolies from Mysore—The Moplahs—The Wuddurs and Balkaras—Payment by advances described—Differences in the system on various estates—Interest of the gold companies in the question—Proposed help from Madrasse Eurasians— Peculiarities of the class—Need of English miners as headmen —Arrangements of our staff—Necessity of departmental system and reports.
Amongst the essentials to success in gold-mining in this, or, indeed, in any district, not the least im­portant is the question of labour. There may be gold on the reefs ; there may be water sufficient for driving power; and ample timber for building and other purposes : but if there is no labour procurable, or only such as is very costly, it would scarcely be possible to mine with success. An inquiry as to labour facilities should not, therefore, be overlooked in writing on this subject.
Whilst in the Wynaad, my serious attention was