CYANUS: Êõáíüò: Lazulite.
been asserted positively by some modern writers (Millin, &c.)
adopting the conjecture of De Boot, that Pliny's Cyanos was our
Sapphire ; an opinion, however, by no means borne out by his
description of its natural characters. " The Cyanos shall be described
separately, a favour granted to the blue colour lately mentioned (i. e. when
speaking of the Blue Jasper). The best sort is the Scythian, then the
Cyprian, and last of all the Egyptian. It is very largely imitated by staining crystal, and
a certain king of Egypt has the credit of having first discovered how
to tinge Crystal of this colour. This stone also is divided into the
male and female kind. Sometimes there is gold-dust seen within it, but
differently from that in the Sapphirus : for in the latter the gold
shines in points or specks amidst the azure."
appears to have written the above, not from a knowledge of any gem
going by that name at the time, but merely as a translation, somewhat
inaccurate, of the words of Theophrastus (55) :—" And as there is a Bod
Ochre both natural and artificial, so is there a Cyanos also, both
produced naturally and made by art, like that manufactured in Egypt.
Of this Cyanos there are three kinds : the Egyptian, the Cyprian, and a
third the Scythian. The Egyptian is the best for thick-bodied paints,
but the Scythian for those of a diluted kind. The Egyptian is produced
artificially, and the writers of the history of their