402 JEWELRY OF THE ANCIENTS.
style. It is octagonal, formed by eight plaques of gold with round
tops, which thus make a scalloped border to its upper part. Each
alternate plaque bears the figure of a saint in enamel. The front
plaque is set with largo stones in cabochon (Sapphires?), and others
cut square after the fashion of table-diamonds. Above all rises a Greek
cross, also set with large stones : gems of less importance are also
interspersed upon the other plaques. From the cross springs an arch
like a flying buttress, which gives stability to the entire fabric.
Frederic Barbarossa, in the year 1166, canonized Charlemagne, and took
advantage of the occasion, like a true Teuton, to despoil his sepulchre
of the crown, besides the enormous mass of treasure there deposited,
the golden throne, the two shields of gold, &c. Since that time it
was used at the coronation of the succeeding German emperors, and the
Elector Palatine had the custody of it ex officio. The Austrian
Francis, as the last in the Imperial series, having possession of the
crown took care to retain it, and it now rests in the Imperial Library
of Vienna, a mere monument of antiquity.
CROWN OF HUNGARY.
of the first establishment of Hungarian nationality has ever been
regarded with superstitious veneration by every true Magyar, and
authenticated every coronation of the kings of that country until the
shameful overthrow of its liberties and constitution in our own times.
It is in truth a most venerable relic of the regular Byzantine art ;
and is formed by a broad flat band of fine gold, whence springs an
arch., supporting a cross. It was sent in the year 1072 by the Emperor
Michael Ducas to Geisa. the first Duke of Hungary, or, as he is
strangely styled in the enamel portrait of him upon a plaque rising
above the top of the circlet. " Geabitras, king of the Turks." Next to
this comes the portrait of Constantino l'orphyrogenitus, then one of
Ducas himself; the fourth and largest enamel represents the Saviour
enthroned, exactly as he figures upon the bezants of that period. These
four portraits are set at the springing of the arches which close the
top of the crown : on the front of the band itself are placed four
smaller enamels of the angels Michael and Gabriel, St. George and St.
Over the medallion of Christ is a largo heart-shaped Amethyst, below it an enormous rough Sapphire ; four more large Sapphires