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Gems of North Carolina Intro

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XVI
INTRODUCTION.
It is intended in this report to illustrate some of the principal North Carolina gems, more remarkable usually as crystals than as precious stones for jewelry, that grace the great collections before alluded to. All those shown on the colored plates, and many of the others, are contained especi­ally in the Morgan-Tiffany collections, presented by the munificence of Mr. J. Pierpont Morgan to the American Museum of Natural History, at New York; these comprise the splendid collections formed by the author for Tiffany & Company, of New York, of American gems and precious stones shown at the Paris Exposition of 1889, and the still finer and more extensive one displayed by them at the Paris Exposition of 1900; also the Tiffany collection shown at the Cotton States Exposition at Atlanta, in 1894, and presented to the U. S. National Museum by Prof. L. T. Chamberlin.
Many of the figures are loaned by the courtesy of the publishers of " Gems and Precious Stones of North America," and will form part of the new edition of that work, treating of the Morgan-Tiffany and Morgan-Bement collections of minerals in the American Museum of Natural History; this latter made up of the Spang collection and many from the Hidden, Wilcox, and other collections. It was thought well to illustrate for this report specimens in places which are readily accessible, and no collection on this continent contains so many choice examples of North Carolina gems as does this one.
Puller discussions upon all these subjects, with geological, mineral-ogical, chemical, or crystallographic details, may be found in the reports issued by the North Carolina Geological Survey, which contains many most valuable papers and monographs by such authorities as Kerr, Shep-ard, Genth, Chatard, Hidden, Lewis, and Pratt, and in the Journal of the Elisha Mitchell Scientific Society, published at Chapel Hill; also in the Annual Eeports of the Department of Mining Statistics of the United States Geological Survey, prepared by the author under the directorship first of Albert Williams, Jr., and then of Dr. David T. Day, who has done everything to encourage and increase public interest in the development of the precious stone and mineral resources of the United States. Many papers have likewise appeared on the same topics in the American Journal of Science. Among all these, much of the literature of the gem product of the State may be found. It is the purpose of the present report to present in a clear and concise manner such facts as may interest the mineralogist, the collector, or even the tourist who wishes to acquaint himself with these " crystallized flowers," as the celebrated Abbe Hauy called them, whose enduring beauty remains unchanged by the variations of climate found upon our globe.
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