or so apart, until a pile several inches in height has been made, and
then upon this a pile of books, at the end of twenty-four hours a spot
can be removed, but the miniature must remain under this pressure for
days, until the moisture has all evaporated, or it will buckle.
most interesting memorial of early American ivory carving is a card
engraved by Paul Revere (1735-1818), the patriotic silversmith and
engraver, for a certain Isaac Greenwood of Boston, the text of which
reads as follows* :
Greenwood, Ivory Turner. Nert to Dr. John Clark's at the North end,
Boston. Turns all sorts of work in ivory, silver, and brass with
fidelity and despatch at a very reasonable rate. Makes umber.
a beautiful and artistic decoration for book-covers, nothing surpasses
carved ivory, with its soft and harmonious tints. Among such
decorations an exceptionally fine one adorns the upper cover of the
famous Golden Book of Frankfort-on-the-Main, and provides a most
beautiful addition to the massive gold of which the cover is formed.
The carved ivory relief measuring 16 χ 10 in. is affixed to the centre
of the cover, the edges of which extend about four inches beyond the
relief. This represents Emperor Charlemagne, and beneath the figure is
the inscription: "Carolus Magnus. Synodus Franconofurtensis a. d. DCCXCIV." On
a frieze above the emperor's figure is portrayed the Prussian eagle,
over and beneath which runs the inscription: "Sub umbra alarum tuarum
protege nos" ("Guard us in the shadow of thy wings"). At the base of
the relief is carved the eagle of Frankfort with the German words:
"Stark im Recht" ("Strong in the right"). This Golden Book is designed
to record the names of the most distinguished guests of the city of
Frankfort, and besides its ivory relief, the cover is
•Communicated by Gardner Teall, June 11,1913.