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Ch. 16: Gemstone Definitions, Values, Imports, ... Collections of Gems

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UNITED STATES, CANADA AND MEXICO
323
presented by Mr. J. Pierpont Morgan to the American Museum of Natural History, Central Park, N. Y. This collection, which contains over one thousand specimens of all the obtainable pre­cious and ornamental stones native to the United States, and some of the finest known examples of foreign stones, was prepared with the assistance of the author by Messrs. Tiffany & Co., and was exhibited, under his charge, at the World's Fair held in Paris in 1889, before a larger number of people than were ever before gathered within a given time at any one place. (See Colored Plate 1, Figs. E and H ; Plate 3, Figs F and K ; Plate 5, Fig. D ; Plate 6, Fig. C ; Plate 7, Fig. B.) It occupied a circular case in the center of the American Section, and, with the collection of pearls found in North America, gained the award of two gold medals. The collection, of which a catalogue was published,1 was a central point of attraction in the exhibit, was visited by leading scientists, lapidaries, stone-workers, and decorators, as well as the general public.
Among benefits resulting from the New Orleans Exposi­tion held 1884-1885 was the appropriation to the United States Museum to perfect its exhibit there. This money was expended by Prof. Frank W. Clarke, the curator in mineralogy, in the purchase of a very complete series of precious and orna­mental stones, many of which are of great value from an ed­ucational point of view. Since the Exposition, numerous fine specimens have been added by purchase and donation, notably the 171 diamonds and 150 pearls presented by the Imam of Muscat to President Van Buren, all of which are of good quality. The collection now numbers about a thousand spec­imens, and includes examples of almost every known variety of precious stones, many of them being remarkably good specimens.
At the Metropolitan Museum of Art, Central Park, New York, are the Curium gems, brought by Gen. Luigi P. di Cesnola from the island of Cyprus. Some of these were described in his volume on Cyprus, * and are on exhibition with the Cesnola Collection.
1 Catalogue of a Collection of Precious and Ornamental Stones of North America, p. 32, 8vo, New York, 1889.
8 Researches and Discoveries in Cyprus. (New York, 1878.)
Ch. 16: Gemstone Definitions, Values, Imports, ... Collections of Gems Page of 364 Ch. 16: Gemstone Definitions, Values, Imports, ... Collections of Gems
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