cutting and polishing originated in India, and the art was afterwards
introduced in Italy and in Paris. It had its beginning in Antwerp,
about 1480, and also about the same time in Amsterdam. Amsterdam has
become famous for its diamond cutting, and for a long time had by far
the largest number of cutting and polishing establishments in the world.
for some years has had some of the largest establishments, and during
the last six years has gained rapidly on Amsterdam, and at the present
time has a considerably larger business in the cutting and polishing of
diamonds than Amsterdam.
cutting has been carried on in America for fifty years or more, and the
cutting of diamonds for the world has been revolutionized through the
improvements in cutting made something like forty years ago by Henry D.
Morse, of Boston.
Prior to these innovations diamonds were cut