26 DIAMOND CUTTING
its final realization the quest for a Standard of absolute perfection
in the cutting of a diamond has been one which ran through centuries of
it has brought into existence that interesting branch of the trade
called 'fancy cutting.' It has been responsible for many sad
disappointments and disillusions. Witness in 1885 the short-lived
'Brilliant-Phare,' later revived under the name of 'Twentieth Century,'
a stroke of genius the fundamental lines of division governing the now
classical cutting called 'Brilliant' were laid down some three hundred
years ago by Vincent Peruzzi, in Venice. The cutting at that period was
done in crude and primitive fashion, but it paved the way towards the
present high achievement.
latter-day Renaissance in the art of diamond cutting, credit for which
is entirely due to the keen appreciation shown by the discerning
lovers of jewels in the United States of America, has through gradual
stages of advancement developed the possibilities inherent in the
'Brilliant,' and has culminated in the production of an ideal stone,
the cutting of which is covered by patents in the United States and in
the principal foreign countries.