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Sec. II, Ch. 7: The Indian Diamond

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Indian Diamonds.
131
The Diamond-diggings in the immediate neighbour­hood of Panna (or Punnah) in Bundelkhund, have been described by Mr. Medlicott, formerly Director of the Geological Survey of India. They do not cover an area of more than 20 acres. Great pits, 25 feet in diameter and, perhaps, 30 feet in depth, are dug for the sake of reaching the Diamond conglomerate, which, in many cases, is not more than a span in thickness. The miners enter the pit by means of inclined planes, and work almost naked and knee-deep in water. The material which they dig up is put into baskets and hauled by manual labour to the surface, where it is carefully searched for Diamonds. The most productive Diamond mines in this group were, in i860, to be found in the village of Sukariuh, about twenty miles from Panna Here the upper stratum, from 15 to 20 feet thick, had to be broken through in order to reach the rich Diamond-bed which lay concealed underneath.
Four kinds of Diamonds were found at Sukariuh. They were termed, ist, Motichul, clear and brilliant ; 2nd, Manik, verging in tint towards green ; 3rd, Panna, with a faint orange tint ; 4th, Bunsput, sepia coloured.
Diamonds are found under the cascade of the river
Bagin, from 700 to 900 feet below the present Diamond
strata ; and the only explanation hitherto given is that
the Bagin has brought these precious stones down from
, the table-land, with other matter torn from its native bed.
Diamond-mining in India under European manage­ment does not appear hitherto to have been successful. It is erroneous, however, to suppose that there is any real exhaustion of the localities where mining is possible. On the contrary, geological examination has proved that the Diamond-bearing strata are very widely distributed ; but it is doubtful whether the same working operations are
Sec. II, Ch. 7: The Indian Diamond Page of 366 Sec. II, Ch. 7: The Indian Diamond
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