Company. It is only within the last year or two that Spain has
renounced this latter claim, and England and Germany have formally
recognised the sovereign rights of Spain in Sooloo, a certain freedom
of trade being, however, provided for.
Spaniards have a walled settlement on the north side of the island of
Sooloo, called Jolo or Tiangi. It is situated on a swamp, that causes
great mortality in the town. There js a garrison of 800 soldiers,
besides a large number of convicts from the Philippines, and the
Spanish officers serving there receive extra pay, as if on active
service. There are three other Spanish occupations in the Archipelago,
all of the very smallest dimensions, but sufficient for the purpose.
Several gun-boats are also kept there.
to the present time, but little or no intercourse has taken place
between the natives and the alien race. The few opportunities of
conciliation, such as the famine of 1879, and the outbreak of cholera
in 1882, have been allowed by the Spaniards to slip by neglected, and a
bitter hatred now exists against them, which will probably never be
thoroughly overcome. This is exhibited occasionally in savage,
bloodthirsty outrages, which — however they may be condemned by
Europeans — will always be