those in the Taljan and other mines in the government of Perm, TJral mountains, Asiatic Russia, which mines have furnished the finest known gems for a century and a half where single stones have sold for $500 each.
Perhaps the most unique gem in the U. S. National Museum at Washington is an amethyst found at Webster, North Carolina, and deposited by Dr. H. S. Lucas. It was originally of a turtle-shaped form, which has unfortunately been lost by chipping; and it is said when found to have borne marks of the handiwork of primitive man. It now measures 3f inches in length, 2§ inches in width, 1| inches in thickness and weighs 4f ounces Some very fair amethysts have been found on the Lake Superior shore and in trap rock at Keweenaw point and elsewhere in the upper peninsula of Michigan.
Smoky quartz, also known as smoky topaz, cairngorm, and citrine, is abundant at and near Pike's Peak, Colorado; also to some extent on the summit of Mount Antero, Colorado; Three-Mile Gulch, near Helena, Montana; Magnet Cove, Arkansas; Burke and Alexander counties, North Carolina, Oxford county, Maine, etc. At Pike's Peak it occurs in pockets in a coarse pegmatitie granite, often associated with beautiful crystals of amazon stone and flesh-colored and other feldspars. The largest Pike's Peak crystal found is over 4 feet in length. A beautiful faceted stone measuring 84 millimeters (3 J- inches) was shown by Messrs. Tiffany & Co. at the World's Columbian Exposition, found in 1891 on Mount Antero, Colorado. The Pike's Peak material is sent abroad in large quantities to be cut, and the larger part is returned to be sold in tourists' jewelry, principally at Denver and Colorado Springs, Colorado; Hot Springs, Arkansas, and in other Western cities and summer resorts. The sum realized from the cut material amounts to about §7,500 annually, and that from the crystals sold to $2,500 more. Most of the cut articles of smoky quartz sold at the tourists' resorts are either from foreign localities or are American material cut abroad. Smoky quartz pebbles are occasionally found along the Atlantic coast at Long Branch, Cape May, etc., and cut as souvenirs.
Rose quartz occurs in large masses at Albany and Paris, Maine, Southbury, Connecticut, and at many other places in the United States; but as yet it has not been used in the arts or as a gem. At Stow, Albany, Paris, and other localities in Maine the quartz veins shade from white-transparent and opalescent resembling hyaline quartz often without any imperfections through faintly tinted pink and salmon into a rich rose color, thus forming a beautiful series of tints for gems or for ornamental work. Specimens of this rose quartz, when cut into double cabochons or spherical objects, distinctly show the asteria effect, similar to the star sapphire. Possibly as fine transparent, opalescent, rose quartz as has ever been-found was obtained at Round mountain, Albany, Maine, in pieces measuring 4 by 5 inches in size, free from all flaws and of a fine rose red, with a beautiful milky opalescence. A sphere 2£ inches in diameter and various art objects cut from this material are shown at the World's Columbian Exposition.