States that have produced gold by dredges are Colorado, which yielded,
1901-1916, $4,103,649; Idaho, 1897-1916, $3,632,056; Montana,
1896-1916, $8,099,733; and Oregon, New Mexico, Nevada, South Dakota,
Wyoming, Alabama, Georgia, and North Carolina, a combined yield,
1902-1916, of $2,187,327.
DRY AND SILICEOUS ORES.
1916 dry and siliceous ores, including true gold, gold-silver, and
silver ores, and precious metal ores not classed primarily as copper,
lead, zinc, or mixed ores, produced $57,799,310 in gold, against
$66,404,089 in 1915. The largest producers from this class of ore are
in order of rank: Colorado, California, South Dakota, Nevada, and
siliceous ores are in part free-milhng (amalgamating), as in Alaska,
California, and Oregon; in part both amalgamating and concentrating,
as in many States; in smaller part simply concentrating ores, as in
parts of Colorado and Arizona; in increasing part all-sliming and
cyaniding ores; and finally in some part smelting ores. Tailings both
from old dumps and from present millings are largely reworked by
concentration and subsequent cyanidation.
loss in tailings from gold mills is being constantly cut down, and the
most serious loss remains in tailings from concentrating plants. The
chlorination process is of decreasing relative importance, having been
used in only a few plants in California and Colorado in 1916. Smelting
is mainly of concentrates and of siliceous and pyritic ores, which are
also valuable as fluxes. Exact figures of relative output by methods
will appear in detail by States in another table.
production of gold as a by-product of the smelting of copper ores sold
or treated in 1916 was $8,286,290, against $7,095,110 in 1915, an
increase from 7.22 per cent of the total gold yield in 1915 to 9.07 per
cent in 1916. The largest production was in Utah, followed by Arizona,
Nevada, California, and Montana, in the order given.